PERMANENT PEOPLES’ TRIBUNAL
State Crimes Allegedly Committed in Myanmar against the Rohingyas, Kachins
and Other Groups
University of Malaya, Faculty of Law
18-22 September 2017, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Panel of the Judges:
Daniel Feierstein (Argentina), who chaired the panel
Zulaiha Ismail (Malaysia)
Helen Jarvis (Cambodia-Australia)
Gill H. Boehringer (Australia)
Nursyahbani Katjasungkana (Indonesia)
Shadi Sadr (Iran)
Nello Rossi (Italy)
VIA DELLA DOGANA VECCHIA 5 - 00186 ROME - TEL:0039 0668801468
The Judgment presented today (22 September 2017) by the Panel of the Judges of this Session of
the Permanent Peoples’ Tribunal (PPT) is the product of a long term research work, which included
not only the close monitoring of the many published reports, but of formal public hearings in
London, 6-7 March 2017, and in these days 18-22 in Kuala Lumpur.
The deliberation of the seven Judges is very detailed in the analysis of the facts and in their
qualification according to the best recognized instruments and criteria of international law: the
State of Myanmar is fully responsible for genocide against the Rohingya people, and is further
responsible not only for genocidal intent against the Kachin and the Muslim minority, but
also and more specifically for crimes of war against the Kachins and crimes against humanity
against the Kachins and the Muslim groups.
The full responsibility of the State of Myanmar for the above crimes is made more hideous because
of the state of total impunity which is guaranteed by the substantial absence of a judicial system, as
it is totally dependent from the military Government which is de facto the only ruling power.
The qualification of genocide corresponds to the highest level of criminal responsibility and its
foundations are analysed and documented in all its aspects: in the systematic policies of
discrimination and physical elimination, in the active denial of identity and culture, including even
the prohibition from using the term Rohingya. The witnesses heard in London and in Kuala Lumpur
testified both in public hearings and in camera sessions (to protect their identity and for security
reasons). Together with the reports of international experts (from Bangladesh, UK, USA) and the
contribution of a very competent team of Prosecutors, they have provided evidence of the
systematic use of the whole spectrum of atrocious violations of the right to life and dignity of the
affected populations: raping of women was possibly the most conspicuously present, beside the
killing and burning of children and elderly, tortures, and the long list of acts included in the
definitions of genocide, crimes against humanity and crimes of war.
The PPT is the expression of the need and duty to react of the civil society to give the victims their
identity as subjects who must be recognized as such and defended by the international community.
In this sense, the Panel of the Judges has not concluded its work simply with a Judgment, which
will be forwarded to the Myanmar authorities and to the international agencies and actors, but has
issued a well targeted list of recommendations which must be implemented, to stop the ongoing
genocidal process against the Rohingyas and to avoid the intended genocide against the Kachins
and the other Muslim groups.
It is worth mentioning that the Government of Myanmar duly and timely informed of the PPT
procedures and of its rights to defence never responded nor accepted to appear in the PPT court.
(c) 2017 PERMANENT PEOPLES’ TRIBUNAL