Stage 6: Polarization, Stage 7: Preparation
CIA World Factbook
Under the current Embaló administration, there have been reports of beatings and kidnappings of opposition figures and government critics allegedly committed by assailents tied to the president's security forces.
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Guinea-Bissau Journalist Severely Beaten
Davin O’Regan and Peter Thompson, "Advancing Stability and Reconciliation in Guinea-Bissau: Lessons from Africa’s First Narco-State."
Mark Shaw and A. Gomes, "Breaking the Vicious Cycle: Cocaine Politics in Guinea-Bissau."