CIA World Factbook
Stage 5: Organization and Stage 6: Polarization
The Nazarbayev Regime is one of the most corrupt and oppressive regimes in the world. While Nursultan Nazarbayev officially left the Presidency in 2019, many believe he is still in control. Journalists, political/civil opposition, and activists are frequently detained, oftentimes tortured, and executed. Ethnic minorities also face persecution as Kazakh nationalism begins to grow in the country.
'Terrifying': Eye-Witnesses Recall Kazakh Ethnic Violence As Ruins Smolder
Dungan Incident Just Kazakhstan's Latest Interethnic Violence
Kazakhstan Events of 2020- Human Rights Watch