Targeted Groups
Alert Status
Genocide Stage(s)
  • Religious minorities (Christians, Muslims, Buddhists)

  • Members of lower casts (Dalits)

  • Madhesi group in the Terai region

  • Women and girls

  • Refugees (from Bhutan and Tibet)

  • Indigenous peoples

  • Nepali Government

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Nepal is a very ethnically, linguistically and religiously diverse country. While some progress has been made since the Civil War ended in 2006, it has largely failed to enact transitional justice measures to ensure justice for victims of war crimes and crimes against humanity. The new Constitution in 2015 was protested by the Madheshi in the Terai region as well as other minorities for clauses that would limit their right to citizenship. It also prohibits anyone from converting religion and criminalises attempts to convert others. While discrimination on the basis of caste is outlawed, Dalits continue to be marginalised, underrepresented, and are disproportionately affected by violence. Sexual violence of Dalit women often goes unpunished.

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Human Rights Watch – “Nepal: Rapists Go Unpunished”

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UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination - Nepal

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Nepal: Deadly caste-based attacks spur outcry over social discrimination