Republic of the Congo (Congo-Brazzaville)

Targeted Groups
Perpetrators
Alert Status
Genocide Stage(s)
  • Pool region residents

  • Baka/Bayaka "Pygmies"

  • Government critics

  • Government

  • State security forces

  • Global conservationist groups

Warning
Stage 6: Polarization, Stage 8: Persecution
Archaeological Map

Country Overview

IRIN

Details

For almost four decades, President Denis Sassou Nguesso has maintained power in Congo-Brazaville through undemocratic means. He briefly lost power in the country's first multi-party elections in 1992, but he regained power in 1997 following a deadly civil war. After attacks occured during the 2016 elections, President Nguesso blamed an former militia from the civil war, the "Ninjas." His government reacted by launching a war in the Pool region, where Ninja fighters were based. It targeted civilians who had no relations with the Ninjas and used scorched-earth tactics by destroying entire villages. The war triggered a major humanitarian crisis. Additionally, Baka and Bayaka "Pygmies," who are indigenous hunter-gatherer groups, face severe marginalization and persecution. Notably, non-consensual international conservationist efforts have led in part to the destruction of their culture and livelihoods, with forest rangers abusing them and preventing them from using their lands.

Ethiopia Report Capture.PNG
Pending
Page last updated:
9/11/2021
Read Report

Resources

Screen Shot 2021-08-30 at 9.50.49 AM.png

As election nears, war trauma still lingers in Republic of Congo’s Pool region | France 24

Screen Shot 2021-04-22 at 6.57.38 PM.png

UPDATED: Congo-Brazzaville’s hidden war | Philip Kleinfeld, The New Humanitarian

Ethiopia Report Capture.PNG

Conservation giants implicated in public health crises among "Pygmies" | Survival International