Syria

Targeted Groups
Perpetrators
Alert Status
Genocide Stage(s)
  • Religious Minorities: Yazidis, Christians, Shia Muslims, Alawites, Druze, etc.

  • Yemeni Civilians

  • LGBTQIA+ people

  • Al-Assad Regime and its Allied Militias

  • Free Syrian Army

  • Turkey

  • Russia

  • ISIS

Emergency
Stage 9: Extermination
Archaeological Map

Country Overview

CIA World Factbook

Details

Syria’s ten-year civil war has killed more than 400,000 people, including over 116,000 civilians. Six million Syrians are internally displaced, while another five million have become refugees. Military interventions by Russia, the U.S., and Turkey have prolonged the war. Syria, Turkey, the Turkish-backed Free Syrian Army, Russia, and ISIS and al-Qaeda terrorists have committed genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes against ethnic and religious minorities, including Kurds, Christians, Druze, Shi’a Muslims, Alawites, and Yazidis. ISIS also enforced the death penalty for homosexuality until its official defeat in 2019. The persecution of LGBTQIA+ people in Syria continues. 

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Page last updated:
9/17/2021

Resources

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Syria: The Legacy of 10 Years of Civil War

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Why Has the Syrian War Lasted 10 Years?

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Syria’s Civil War: The Descent Into Horror