Ethiopia says Eritrea has agreed to withdraw forces from Tigray region

Eritrea has agreed to withdraw troops from Ethiopian territory along their common border, Ethiopia's prime minister said on Friday, days after acknowledging that Eritrean forces had entered Ethiopia's Tigray region during an almost five-month war.


Ethiopian refugees who fled the conflict in Tigray gather to receive aid at the Tenedba camp in Mafaza, eastern Sudan on January 8, 2021. © Ashraf Shazly, AFP

"Eritrea has agreed to withdraw its forces out of the Ethiopian border," Ethiopian Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed said in a statement on Twitter the day after arriving in Eritrea's capital, Asmara, to meet President Isaias Afwerki.


The Ethiopian National Defence Force will take over guarding the border area effective immediately, Abiy said.

Eritrea's information minister, Yemane Gebremeskel, did not return calls and text messages seeking comment.


Thousands of people have been killed in fighting between Ethiopian government troops and the Tigray region’s former ruling party, the Tigray People’s Liberation Front (TPLF), that began in November.


Eritrean national security officials said that they feared attacks from the TPLF, FRANCE 24 correspondent Maria Gerth-Niculescu said.


Hundreds of thousands more people were forced to flee their homes in the region of about five million.


The government declared victory in late November but fighting has continued in some areas.


Medical aid agency Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) said on Thursday its staff saw Ethiopian soldiers shoot dead four civilians in Tigray this week.


Abiy confirmed for the first time on Tuesday that troops from Eritrea had entered Tigray during the conflict, the first such acknowledgement after months of denials.


Eritrean troops have gone further into Tigray than just along the joint border.


Reuters journalists on a trip to Tigray this month saw hundreds of soldiers in Eritrean uniforms travelling in vehicles with Eritrean plates in large towns and along the main road between the regional capital, Mekelle, and the city of Shire.


There are widespread reports of killings, torture and gang rapes of civilians by the Eritreans.


This month, U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken said he wanted to see Eritrean forces and those from the Amhara region replaced in Tigray by security forces that would respect human rights.


Blinken described acts carried out in the region as “ethnic cleansing”, accusations that Ethiopia has denied.


© France 24 and Reuters

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