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Targeted Groups
Alert Status
Genocide Stage(s)
  • Ethnic Minorities

  • Opponents and Dissidents of Hoxha Regime

  • Communist Regime under Enver Hoxha

Stage 3: Discrimination, Stage 10: Denial
Archaeological Map

Country Overview

CIA World Factbook


Following the end of the Second World War, the leader of the communist resistance, Enver Hoxha, took control of the country and ruled as a Stalinist dictator until his death in 1985. During Hoxha’s rule, Albania was one of the most isolated countries in the world. Hoxha suppressed any dissent, banned all religion, and set up a personality cult centered around him. The ruling Party of Labor of Albania was comparable to the totalitarian domination of Kim Il Sung in North Korea or Saparmurat Niyazov in Turkmenistan. The regime maintained absolute control through a secret police organization known as The Sigurimi.

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Albania: A legacy of dictatorship

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Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination considers the report of Albania

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Albanian Victims Demand Condemnation Of Communist Crimes

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