Stage 3: Discrimination, Stage 6: Polarization
Since the Angola gained independence in 1975, a struggle for power remains prevalent between the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). In this conflict, the reigning MPLA has posed many attacks against protestors and threats to their power, including Cabindans. Civil liberties are also at risk as unregistered religious minorities are unable to assemble and practice.
Recently, the Angolan government imposed restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic, which security forces have implemented using excessive force and brutality.
Angola jails 17 activists for anti-government rebellion
Angola: Police Fire on Peaceful Protesters
Authorities escalate use of excessive force to crack down on dissent - Amnesty International