Burundi

Page last updated:
6/28/2021

alert status:

Genocide stage:

 

 

Perpetrators:

 

 

Targeted groups:

  • Government

  • Imbonerakure Hutu militias

  • Government critics and opponents

  • Tutsis 

  • Civilians from all groups

CIA World Factbook

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Archaeological Map

OVeRVIEW

Stage 5: Organization, Stage 6: Polarization, Stage 8: Persecution

Details

In 2015, late President Pierre Nkurunziza won a third presidential term that critics considered unconstitutional, triggering mass protests, a failed coup d'état, and deadly post-electoral violence. Most refugees have still not returned since the 2015 crisis. The ruling party has also allegedly used rhetoric suggesting the Tutsi minority pose a threat to the Hutu majority. Since the death of Nkurunziza and the succcession of current President Évariste Ndayishimiye to power, the Burundian authorities have continued to subject citizens and political opponents to human rights abuses. Burundi also has a complex history of massacres and genocides - in 1972 against Hutus and in 1993 against Tutsis. 

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Resources

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What a new president means for Burundi | The New Humanitarian

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Burundi ‘risks genocide amid forgotten conflict’ | Al Jazeera (2016)