Stage 3: Discrimination, Stage 10: Denial
Since the Spanish arrival in Panama, Indigenous people have faced multiple forced deportations, expulsions, assimilation efforts, and forced conversions to Christianity at the hands of both the Spanish and the Panamanian governments. Recently, Indigenous people have been fighting for land rights, sovereignty, and cultural preservation.
The Price of Modernization in Panama: Dammed Forever
Panama: Indigenous People Getting Ready for Massive Demonstration
Indigenous Protests Return to Panama