CIA World Factbook
Stage 3: Discrimination
From 1975-1999, Indonesia occupied and committed genocide in Timor-Leste, with 100,000-200,000 individuals dying during this period. Indonesian officials have taken little to no accountability for the genocide and continue to resist ongoing investigations and trials. Though Timor-Leste experienced periods of increased violence following independence, the country has since stabilized. The current government has faced criticism for discriminating against religious minorities. Gender-based violence and domestic violence against women and LGBTQI+ individuals are widespread, and investigations into and accountability for such violence are inadequate.
East Timor Independence: A Short History of a Long and Brutal Struggle
Chega! The Final Report of the Timor-Leste Commission for Reception, Truth, and Reconciliation (CAVR)
Three Centuries of Violence and Struggle in East Timor (1726-2008)