UN Security Council to Slash UNAMID

The UN Security Council is poised to slash the presence of UNAMID in Darfur in enormously consequential ways—targeting for reduction police personnel, military personnel, and logistical/administrative personnel. The effect of this action will be to put millions of Darfuris at greater risk, both from intensifying insecurity and the inevitable reductions in humanitarian access, much of which is made possible only by virtue of UNAMID escort.

Three million Darfuris remains displaced from their homes and unable to return: 2.7 million Internally Displaced Persons and 300,000 Darfuri refugees in eastern Chad, living in miserable conditions but too fearful to return to Darfur. One might think that the deaths of more than half a million people—either directly or indirectly from Khartoum-orchestrated and countenanced violence—might give the UN Security Council pause—but that is not the case. Indeed, the UN’s Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs has not published any mortality data or promulgated a single mortality estimate since April 2008, when OCHA head estimated that 300,000 people had died from the effects of violence.

In more than nine years the UN has said nothing about deaths that are the consequence of genocidal violence.

For years non-Arab/African Darfuris attempted to track violent mortality inflicted upon them by the Khartoum regime and its militia proxies; the world was not interested

That violence continues and is reported on a daily basis by Radio Dabanga. Aggregations of incidents, attacks, and security deterioration as reported by Radio Dabanga reveal that far from gradually coming to an end, violence that began to surge in 2012 has remained at intolerably high levels:

“Changing the Demography”: Violent Expropriation and Destruction of Farmlands in Darfur, November 2014 – November 2015" | December 1, 2015 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1P4

Continuing Mass Rape of Girls in Darfur: The most heinous crime generates no international outrage | January 2016 | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1QG

[Arabic translation of this report | http://wp.me/p45rOG-1Rr ]

Many tens of thousands of girls and young women have been raped, often gang-raped in the most brutal fashion, by Khartoum's militia forces and its regular troops; sexual violence has been a primary weapon of war from the beginning of the Darfur genocide

UNAMID was always a catastrophically misconceived “hybrid” operation shared between the UN and the African, and was in no way comparable to the peacekeeping mission authorized by the Security Council in August 2006 (Resolution 1706). Instead of the robust peacekeeping mission authorized under Chapter 7 of the UN Charter, the Chinese-proposed July 2007 UN Security Council authorization of UNAMID was the end result of countless disabling compromises with Khartoum and the disastrous hubris of the African Union, which not only declared falsely its ability and capacity to carry out such a mission but would at various junctures declare that violence in Darfur had essentially come to an end—the “false narrative” that Human Rights Watch refers to in the Radio Dabanga dispatch below.

UNAMID chief Ibrahim Gambari chatting it up with Génocidaire-in-Chief Omar al-Bashir's, president of the Khartoum regime and sought for genocide and massive crimes against humanity by the International Criminal Court; this "sociability" was in violation of UN stipulations about contact with those indicted by the ICC. The incident was a deep revelation of not only the character of UNAMID leadership, but of the willingness of the African Union Peace and Security Council to allow UNAMID to fail, despite the immense consequences of this failure for the future of peacekeeping in Africa.

The African Union Peace and Security Council has declared that UNAMID is “worthy of emulation” in future peacekeeping operations in Africa; it is difficult to imagine a more cynical, or dangerous, assessment

UNAMID’s failure has been overwhelming, and yet it remains the only civilian protection force in Darfur; and we may be all too sure it will not be replaced or supplemented once reduced (44 percent of the military personnel are targeted for withdrawal; 33 percent of the police forces, crucial to any form of security in the IDP camps; and many UNAMID posts away from the major cities in Darfur will simply disappear). To the extent it has provided some protection—for civilians and humanitarians—the UN Security Council has said it no longer cares about this provision of protection. This is the same attitude that led to the misbegotten force created by UN Security Council Resolution 1769.